The Florida edible mushrooms I believe are easiest to identify are boletes, puffballs, chanterelles, indigo milk-caps and ganodermas (or reishi). None of them are too hard to identify and their possible toxic lookalikes aren’t deadly.
Again, as I’ve said before: Don’t go hunting and eating wild mushrooms based just on my knowledge – go check out your edible Florida mushrooms with a local expert to make sure they are in fact edible. If they’re not, you could die. Badly.
Why Hunt For Edible Wild Mushrooms?
If you learn to hunt down your own wild edible mushrooms, you’ll gain a skill set that will last a lifetime. Don’t be frightened. Start with some good guide books, ask a lot of questions, interact with other folks online, be careful, learn to make spore prints… and then, eventually, you’ll be safely picking and eating some of the best food you’ve ever had.
The edible Florida mushrooms I’ve discovered so far have become a regular part of my diet in season. I don’t bother with anything that is even slightly hard to ID or that has a deadly poisonous lookalike.
If they have gills (with the exception of the easy-to-spot indigo milk cap and chanterelles, which don’t really have gills but ridges), I chuck them. I know I lose a lot of good edible mushrooms that way – but I also stay safe. One day I may feel confident enough to jump in, but thus far I’m still hauling in plenty of mushrooms that are tasty AND safe.
The gilled mushrooms have some deadly members. When there are so many other edible wild mushrooms that don’t have killer cousins… why mess around?